Prostate Cancer: Symptoms and Risk Factors

Signs and Symptoms

As prostate cancer becomes more advanced, it may cause certain signs, such as pain and/or swelling in the lower back, hips and legs, bone pain in general, decreased urinary stream force, sexual impotence, blood in semen and/or painful ejaculation, pain urinating, hematuria (bloody urine), among others. Pain urinating and hematuria are signs also commonly found in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia, due to the extra space-consuming prostatic growth. Most of these symptoms are related directly or indirectly to an enlargement of the prostate gland, cancerous or not; no matter its origin, the enlarged prostate presses on the urethra, blocking the urine and thus causing such discomfort and loss of control over urine or semen flow.

On the other hand, pain on the bones and hips may indicate an advanced cancerous condition. In these cases, cancer is metastatic, may have spread to other areas, becoming secondary prostate cancer, and is far more difficult to treat. Spinal nerve compression can also be related to secondary prostate cancer that has spread to vertebrae, from the tailbone to the spine. It weakens the vertebrae, which in turn fails to perform its functions properly, and, depending on the level to which the compression on the spinal cord is taking place, may cause the vertebrae to collapse. When experiencing pain in this region, the patient must go immediately to a hospital, since permanent damage to the spinal cord is a possibility in this case. Such signs and symptoms portray the importance of screenings such as Digital Rectal Exams (DRE) and Prostate Specific Androgen (PSA) blood exams.

Risk Factors

Men over 40 years of age experiencing any level of pain or discomfort in any of these “areas of risk” can begin to think about performing these screenings routinely to prevent this cancer from reaching such uncomfortable and dangerous stages. The ongoing recommendation of the American Cancer Society is for patients to perform them after the age of 50; nevertheless, there are other risk factors that are asymptomatic and must be taken into account regardless of age, such as race, family history, and lifestyle.

Many studies have been performed to evaluate the sources related to the appearance of prostate cancer on certain individuals as compared to others. Race was obviously a variable examined, and indeed, it was proven that black men are 60% more likely to develop cancer on the prostate than are men of other racial backgrounds. Family history also seems to play an important role, since men with a long history of prostate cancer in the family (especially their fathers or brothers) also have a significantly higher chance of having the condition, as do men with a strong family history of breast cancer. Studies have shown some gene mutations that take place from generation to generation can contribute to the development of certain types of cancer; such as in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, which have been found to contribute for prostate cancer.

Furthermore, people in general need to bear in mind that their lifestyle can also contribute greatly for the appearance of cancer. A diet excessive in saturated fat, for example, elevates the risk for prostate cancer. Consequently, obese people are very much at risk. Men who engage in testosterone therapy should be aware that this too increases their risk of having prostate cancer, since testosterone stimulates prostate growth.

As with any cancer, screening and prevention are the keys to lead a happy, normal life when having prostate cancer. Early detection is the only known way to cure the patient, since when the cancer spreads it becomes virtually impossible to hold it back. Men and their technology are evolving, though, and without a doubt sooner than imagined new ways of preventing or even stopping prostate cancer will be discovered. Until then, it is every man’s duty to ensure his own future is not jeopardized by participating in early screening.

Source by Manoel Figueiredo Neto

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

You may also like




World economies have recognized Information Technology as an effective tool in catalyzing the economic activity in efficient governance and in developing human resource. They have made significant investments in it and successfully integrated it with the development process, thereby reaping the benefits to their society. In India also, these developments have impacted the industrial, education, service and Government sectors and their influence on various applications is increasingly being felt of


As the era of digital economy is evolving, the concept of governance has assumed significant importance. The e-Governance has consequently become an accepted methodology involving the use of Information Technology in improving transparency, providing information speedily to all citizens, improving administration efficiency and improving public services such as transportation, power, health, water, security and municipal services.

India has been harnessing the benefits provided by the Information & Communication

Technologies to provide integrated governance, reach to the citizens faster,provide efficient services and citizen…

Read More

5 Basics To Protect Your Health During A Pandemic

This year, 2020, will be remembered, unfortunately, as the year of this horrific pandemic, which has seen over 50 million worldwide cases, and over 10 million cases in the United States, as well as about a million deaths, throughout the world, and nearly 250, 000 fatalities, in this nation. Some articulate, a variety of inane concepts, and theories, including, herd immunity, pandemic – fatigue, or, it will all go away, by itself, etc, but, if we wish, to address this virus, and begin to reduce the public health risks, we need to take personal responsibility, to protect our health, and well – being, during a pandemic. With that in mind, this article will attempt to, briefly, consider, examine, review, and discuss, 5 basic steps, to achieve this.

1. Wear a mask: Why has wearing a mask, become a political discussion? Nearly, every public health expert, states, if, everyone, simply wore…

Read More

Introducing Mauritius

One captivating island that is not yet discovered by a lot of people is Mauritius Island. Although not as popular as the other islands in the world, Mauritius has its own promise of enchantment you would not want to miss.

Mauritius is an island in the Indian Ocean. It is located off the coast of Africa and lies east of Madagascar. Long before it was named after Prince Maurice, who was the Prince of Orange and Count of Nassau, it were the Arab traders who set foot on this island back in the 10th century. However, it was the culture of the Dutch that made great influence on the island when they used it as a supply base. When the Dutch decided to desert the island, the French came. Then the British got hold of the island through the Treaty of Paris before they finally became independent in 1968.

Due to…

Read More

Ten Steps to Improve Hospitality Communication

You’re celebrating your anniversary at a nice restaurant, you order your favorite meal, it’s going to be a wonderful night… but the waiter is in a bad mood, the order is late, and the food is not what you wanted, you can hear an argument in the kitchen… You won’t be going to that restaurant again, and you’ll tell all your friends too.

Bad communication is bad news anywhere, and in the hospitality industry in particular. So how can we prevent Hospitality communication calamities?

1. Have well-trained staff. If you can’t hire well trained staff, find people who are keen workers and willing to learn, and train them yourself. In fact, some employers prefer to train their own staff, rather than re-train experienced staff to meet their standards. Well trained staff is the key to providing professional service.

2. Hospitality is all about service; stress that to your staff. Hospitality staff often…

Read More

Perth International Airport

Hire Car At Your Fingertip

Perth International Airport Background

The 4th busiest airport in Australia, Perth international airport is situated just outside Perth in Australia. It has three terminals – an international terminal (T1) and two domestic terminals (T2&T3). The building of the international terminal is located 17km from Central Perth and the two domestic terminals about 12 km from the main district of the city.

Perth City

Perth is the capital of Western Australia, which is Australia’s largest state. Interestingly, Perth is geographically closer to East Timor and Jakarta, Indonesia, than to Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane.

Perth is nestled in the Swan river, which flows back to the Indian ocean. Perth has the most captivating beaches in Australia.

Tourists’ Itch

As you land in one of the three airport terminals, we can understand the tourist(s) itch you must be having on your feet to explore and get a feel of this beautiful Australian city. You…

Read More

How to Become a Journalist

Journalism is a very competitive field and one of the most exciting as well. If you love to gather interesting information, analyzing and reporting them and disseminating them to the general public, then a journalism career is for you. Journalism jobs in London are in demand as media companies and publishing houses are always on the lookout for fresh journalists.

Journalism jobs vary but the most popular include working in a newspaper or broadcasting station. Entry level positions for fresh graduates are available in these job sectors. Once you’ve gained experience or had taken advance courses in journalism, you can land better jobs as a reporter, commentator, sports and weathercaster, and anchor. Others become news writers, columnists, and correspondents.

Educational Requirements

Journalists must possess exemplary knowledge and skills in the English language. They have to be proficient in both written and oral communication. As such, they must have a degree in English…

Read More

Seychelles Vacation – The Best Time For Your Travel to Seychelles

When is the best time for a holiday in Seychelles? This is a question I get asked very often. And the answer really is an issue that has nothing to do with Seychelles at all. First, I must say, for a vacation in Seychelles there is no “best time” of year. It is pleasant 365 days in these islands. So…

Right now with prices being low, not cheap but definitely more affordable if you’re on a budget, now is a very good time for that Seychelles holiday. But before you rush off to buy a ticket to Seychelles today I would suggest you plan well and you keep yourself informed of special offers, especially during the off-season.

Why the off-season? It is because that might be the very best time for your own holiday depending on your situation. Knowing all that will ensure the very best holiday in Seychelles for you….

Read More

Discover the Beauty of Dominica by Planning a Vacation

A proper plan is necessary for almost anything. Even if you want to lead a successful and happy life you need to plan it properly. Similarly of you want to go for a vacation you need to plan it in the best possible way. Planning can sometimes seem to be a bit tough because there are so many things to consider.

When you plan for a vacation the first thing that you need to do is plan your budget. You need to find out how much you will be able to spend and depending on that you need to take the other decisions. You must always remember that some places are more costly than the others. If you are looking forward to spend some time on a wonderful beach then you can think about choosing Dominica. The Dominican islands are also called the nature islands because of the natural beauty…

Read More