Finding the Best Prostate Cancer Treatment Option

Prostate Cancer Treatment Options

Treatment for prostate cancer has traditionally been surgery, where the prostate is removed in whole or in part, and radiotherapy, where radioactive emissions are used to burn cancerous cells away. For decades these were the only effective procedures that could eliminate prostate cancer.

Newer treatments have arisen in the past decade thanks to research carried out around the world. Most of them involve some surgical procedure to perform even where no removal of tissue is required.

Surgical Options

All treatment options involving surgery require an overnight hospital stay at least the night before the procedure. Some surgical options may require a hospital stay of one or several days depending on the procedure and how quickly you can recover from it.

A prostatectomy is a surgical procedure where the entire prostate gland is removed. This is frequently prescribed for patients with prostate-confined cancer. Along with the prostate gland, also removed are the seminal vesicles which carry sperm to the urethra, part of the bladder neck and the lymph nodes.

As a result of having these organs removed, impotence is a common side effect along with mild to severe urinary incontinence. In addition, recovery times can be slow.

A pelvic lymph node dissection is the removal of just the lymph nodes attached to the prostate gland. The lymph nodes wrap around the urethra on either side of the prostate. Muscle tissue in the lymph nodes allows you to regulate the flow of urine through the urethra.

Removing the lymph nodes can result in mild to moderate urinary incontinence in many patients.

A transurethral resection is a less invasive procedure. It is done to remove or relieve blockages in the urethra. A surgical cutting or cauterizing tool is inserted through the penis and sections of an overgrown prostate are cut or burned away.

Side effects from this surgery can lead to mild to moderate urinary incontinence.

Radiation Therapy

All radiotherapy treatments operate on the principle that radioactive emissions burn cancer cells away to remove them and prevent further growth.

External Beam Radiotherapy, or EBRT, uses high energy radioactive particles aimed at the pelvis from a device outside the body. When the particles strike the cancer cells, they are quickly heated and burned away. This procedure is carried out for 5 consecutive days for about 5 to 7 consecutive weeks. No anesthetic is required and it is typically done on an out-patient basis.

Complications that can arise are as follows.

  • Marked inflammation of the rectum or bladder or both.
  • Impotence beginning up to 12 months after treatment.
  • Radiation burns to the sphincter or bowel.

A similar though slightly different therapy is Proton Beam Therapy. While still employing the external source for the beam, the bean is made up of charged ions rather than radioactivity. The principle of burning away cancer cells remains the same as well. Practitioners of proton beam therapy claim a lower risk of side effects than traditional radiation therapy though clinical studies have yet to prove that conclusively.

High Intensity Focused Ultrasound

HIFU – is a newer treatment that is non-surgical and non-invasive. It has been available in Europe for over a decade and was approved by Health Canada in 2003. It is currently not available in the US. With HIFU for prostate cancer, the patient undergoes a 2-3 hour outpatient procedure where focused ultrasound waves are used with pinpoint accuracy to kill cancerous tissue.

Source by Samantha E Stewart

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

You may also like




World economies have recognized Information Technology as an effective tool in catalyzing the economic activity in efficient governance and in developing human resource. They have made significant investments in it and successfully integrated it with the development process, thereby reaping the benefits to their society. In India also, these developments have impacted the industrial, education, service and Government sectors and their influence on various applications is increasingly being felt of


As the era of digital economy is evolving, the concept of governance has assumed significant importance. The e-Governance has consequently become an accepted methodology involving the use of Information Technology in improving transparency, providing information speedily to all citizens, improving administration efficiency and improving public services such as transportation, power, health, water, security and municipal services.

India has been harnessing the benefits provided by the Information & Communication

Technologies to provide integrated governance, reach to the citizens faster,provide efficient services and citizen…

Read More

5 Basics To Protect Your Health During A Pandemic

This year, 2020, will be remembered, unfortunately, as the year of this horrific pandemic, which has seen over 50 million worldwide cases, and over 10 million cases in the United States, as well as about a million deaths, throughout the world, and nearly 250, 000 fatalities, in this nation. Some articulate, a variety of inane concepts, and theories, including, herd immunity, pandemic – fatigue, or, it will all go away, by itself, etc, but, if we wish, to address this virus, and begin to reduce the public health risks, we need to take personal responsibility, to protect our health, and well – being, during a pandemic. With that in mind, this article will attempt to, briefly, consider, examine, review, and discuss, 5 basic steps, to achieve this.

1. Wear a mask: Why has wearing a mask, become a political discussion? Nearly, every public health expert, states, if, everyone, simply wore…

Read More

Introducing Mauritius

One captivating island that is not yet discovered by a lot of people is Mauritius Island. Although not as popular as the other islands in the world, Mauritius has its own promise of enchantment you would not want to miss.

Mauritius is an island in the Indian Ocean. It is located off the coast of Africa and lies east of Madagascar. Long before it was named after Prince Maurice, who was the Prince of Orange and Count of Nassau, it were the Arab traders who set foot on this island back in the 10th century. However, it was the culture of the Dutch that made great influence on the island when they used it as a supply base. When the Dutch decided to desert the island, the French came. Then the British got hold of the island through the Treaty of Paris before they finally became independent in 1968.

Due to…

Read More

Ten Steps to Improve Hospitality Communication

You’re celebrating your anniversary at a nice restaurant, you order your favorite meal, it’s going to be a wonderful night… but the waiter is in a bad mood, the order is late, and the food is not what you wanted, you can hear an argument in the kitchen… You won’t be going to that restaurant again, and you’ll tell all your friends too.

Bad communication is bad news anywhere, and in the hospitality industry in particular. So how can we prevent Hospitality communication calamities?

1. Have well-trained staff. If you can’t hire well trained staff, find people who are keen workers and willing to learn, and train them yourself. In fact, some employers prefer to train their own staff, rather than re-train experienced staff to meet their standards. Well trained staff is the key to providing professional service.

2. Hospitality is all about service; stress that to your staff. Hospitality staff often…

Read More

Perth International Airport

Hire Car At Your Fingertip

Perth International Airport Background

The 4th busiest airport in Australia, Perth international airport is situated just outside Perth in Australia. It has three terminals – an international terminal (T1) and two domestic terminals (T2&T3). The building of the international terminal is located 17km from Central Perth and the two domestic terminals about 12 km from the main district of the city.

Perth City

Perth is the capital of Western Australia, which is Australia’s largest state. Interestingly, Perth is geographically closer to East Timor and Jakarta, Indonesia, than to Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane.

Perth is nestled in the Swan river, which flows back to the Indian ocean. Perth has the most captivating beaches in Australia.

Tourists’ Itch

As you land in one of the three airport terminals, we can understand the tourist(s) itch you must be having on your feet to explore and get a feel of this beautiful Australian city. You…

Read More

How to Become a Journalist

Journalism is a very competitive field and one of the most exciting as well. If you love to gather interesting information, analyzing and reporting them and disseminating them to the general public, then a journalism career is for you. Journalism jobs in London are in demand as media companies and publishing houses are always on the lookout for fresh journalists.

Journalism jobs vary but the most popular include working in a newspaper or broadcasting station. Entry level positions for fresh graduates are available in these job sectors. Once you’ve gained experience or had taken advance courses in journalism, you can land better jobs as a reporter, commentator, sports and weathercaster, and anchor. Others become news writers, columnists, and correspondents.

Educational Requirements

Journalists must possess exemplary knowledge and skills in the English language. They have to be proficient in both written and oral communication. As such, they must have a degree in English…

Read More

Seychelles Vacation – The Best Time For Your Travel to Seychelles

When is the best time for a holiday in Seychelles? This is a question I get asked very often. And the answer really is an issue that has nothing to do with Seychelles at all. First, I must say, for a vacation in Seychelles there is no “best time” of year. It is pleasant 365 days in these islands. So…

Right now with prices being low, not cheap but definitely more affordable if you’re on a budget, now is a very good time for that Seychelles holiday. But before you rush off to buy a ticket to Seychelles today I would suggest you plan well and you keep yourself informed of special offers, especially during the off-season.

Why the off-season? It is because that might be the very best time for your own holiday depending on your situation. Knowing all that will ensure the very best holiday in Seychelles for you….

Read More

Discover the Beauty of Dominica by Planning a Vacation

A proper plan is necessary for almost anything. Even if you want to lead a successful and happy life you need to plan it properly. Similarly of you want to go for a vacation you need to plan it in the best possible way. Planning can sometimes seem to be a bit tough because there are so many things to consider.

When you plan for a vacation the first thing that you need to do is plan your budget. You need to find out how much you will be able to spend and depending on that you need to take the other decisions. You must always remember that some places are more costly than the others. If you are looking forward to spend some time on a wonderful beach then you can think about choosing Dominica. The Dominican islands are also called the nature islands because of the natural beauty…

Read More